(25) Since the University of Vienna had from the early years formed a partnership with the Tibetan Academy of Social Sciences, there were at the time many Tibetan researchers from all over Europe gathering in Vienna. Today, the Network for University Co-operation Tibet-Norway (University of Oslo, etc.,) and the Tibet and Himalayan Digital Library Project of the University of Virginia are collaborating with local academic organizations, and exchanges are constantly taking place. However, these exchanges have ebbed following the anti-government protests that took place in various places in Tibet in 2008. (26) For example, looking at the annual conference of the Japanese Society of Cultural Anthropology, it is currently the case that reports on Amdo ethnology are organized in China-related venues so that they are given separately from Sherpa-centrist studies and refugee studies that are given in South Asia-related venues. (27) My work [OKAWA 2007], for example, should be positioned as an extension of such anthropological history research.BibliographyAZIZ, Barbara. Nimri. 1978 Tibetan Frontier Families: Reflections of Three Generations from D’ing-ri. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House.BISHOP, Peter. 1989 The Myth of Shangri-La: Tibet, Travel Writing and the Western Creation of Sacred Landscape. London: Athlone Press.CASSINELLI, C. W. and EKVALL, Robert Brainerd. 1969 A Tibetan Principality: The Political System of Sa sKya. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.CLARK, Graham. 1983 “Trends in the Anthropological Study of Tibet: Some bon bons.” Tibet Journal 8(2): 49–57.̶ 1988 “China’s Reform on Tibet, and their Effects on Pastoralism.” Kailash: A Journal of Himalayan Studies 14(1-2): 63–131.DIEMBERGER, Hildegard. 1997 “Beyul Khenbalung, the Hidden Valley of Artemisia: On Himalayan Communities and their Sacred Landscape.” in A.W. Macdonald (ed.) Man.d.ala and Landscape. New Delhi: D.K. Printworld. 287–334. DREYFUS, Georges. 2005 “Are We Prisoners of Shangri-la?: Orientalism, Nationalism, and the Study of Tibet.” Journal of In-ternational Association of Tibetan Studies 1: 1–21.FREEDMAN, Maurice. 1963 “A Chinese Phase in Social Anthropology.” British Journal of Sociology 14(1): 1–19. FRENCH, Rebecca Redwood. 1995 The Golden Yoke: The Legal Cosmology of Buddhist Tibet. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.GOLDSTEIN, Melvyn C. 1968 An Anthropological Study of Tibetan Political System. Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Washington.̶ 1986 “Reexamining Choice, Dependency and Command in the Tibetan Social System: “Tax Appendage” and Other Landless Serfs.” Tibet Journal 11(4): 79–112.̶ 1989a A History of Modern Tibet, 1913–1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. ̶ 1989b “Freedom, Servitude and the “Servant-serf” Nyima: A Re-rejoinder to Miller.” Tibet Journal 14(2): 56–60.̶ 1994 “Change, Conflict and Continuity among a Community of Nomadic Pastoralists: A Case Study from Western Tibet.” in Robert Barnett and Shirin Akiner (eds.) Resistance and Reform in Tibet. London: Hurst & Co. 76–111.̶ 2007 A History of Modern Tibet, volume 2: The Calm before the Storm, 1951–1955. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.̶ and Cynthea. BEALL 1990 Nomads of Western Tibet: The Survival of a Way of Life. London: Serinda.GULDIN, Gregory Eliyu. 1994 The Saga of Anthropology in China: From Malinowski to Moscow to Mao. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.HANSEN, Peter. 2003 “Why is there no Subaltern Studies for Tibet?” Tibet Journal 28(4): 7–22.HARRELL, Stevan. 1999 “Lessons from the Golden Age of ‘China’ Ethnography.” in XU, Zhengguang. and HUANG, Yinggui. (eds.) Anthropological Studies in Taiwan: Retrospect and Prospect, Taipei: Museum of Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica, 211–239.HIRANO, Satoshi. 2004 The Qing Empire and Tibet Issue: The Establishment and Collapse of Multiethnic Synthesis, 026MODERN ASIAN STUDIES REVIEW Vol.5