MODERN ASIAN STUDIES REVIEW Vol.5 新たなアジア研究に向けて5号
67/112

Inter-Asia Research NetworksMalay society as the interest in Islamic norms increased.So far, turning attention to seven aspects in its court history, the Sejarah Melayu, this paper has discussed the characteristics of state formation of Melaka. To conclude:[ i ] It is likely that the main point of state formation of Melaka is the Malay political contract between rulers and their people. This contract is based on the Islamic framework, although it includes pre-Islamic (indigenous, Indian) traditional concepts. The Islamic framework is also clearly seen in criteria for good rulers.[ ii ] As for supernatural powers, the Sejarah Melayu connects them only to the Islamic framework. Therefore, it seems that its view on supernatural powers does not accord with the fact that both Hindu and Islamic factors are still found in the Malay enthronement ceremony in the 20th century. However, the Hindu factors actually have remained just as sub-system in the ceremony.[ iii ] Malay states in the pre-17th century, however, are not the same as those in the 18th century in that the latter respect the Islamic norms far more than the former. Its evidence can be seen in the following three facts. First, Melaka people were required to follow the unjust rulers. Second, the detail of Islamic administration is not described in the Sejarah Melayu. Third, nama did not seem to be popular concept yet in the Melaka society.[ iv ] Melaka model played an active role in showing that the Islamic norms are not contradictory to the respect for the position of rulers and their genealogy. Therefore, the ruler-centered polity has been maintained in the Malay society until the 17th century. In other words, Islam did not play an active role in watching kingship yet in that period.AbbreviationsDBP: Dewan Bahasa dan PustakaJMBRAS: Journal of the Malayan/Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic SocietyKL: Kuala LumpurMBRAS: The Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic SocietyOUP: Oxford University PressSMd: A. Samad Ahmad (ed.) 1986 [1979] Sulalatus Salatin: Sejarah Melayu. KL: DBP.SMr: Winstedt, R. O. (ed.) 1938 “Sejarah Melayu” JMBRAS 16-2, 3.SMs: Shellabear, W. G. (ed.) 1975 Sejarah Melayu. Petaling Jaya: Fajar Bakti.BibliographyAndaya, B. W. 1975 “The Nature of the State in Eighteenth Century Perak” In: Reid and Castles 1975: 22–35.Andaya, L. Y. 1975 “The Structure of Power in 17th Century Johor” In: Reid and Castles 1975: 1–11.̶ 2001 “Aceh’s Contribution to Standards of Malayness” Archipel 61: 29–68.̶ 2004 “The Search for the ‘Origins’ of Melayu” In: Barnard, T. P. 2004 (ed.) Contesting Malayness: Malay Identity across Boundaries. Singapore: Singapore University Press: 56–76.Brown, C. C. (tr.) 1970 Sejarah Melayu or Malay Annals. KL: OUP.Bukhari al-Jauhari (Khalid.M. Hussain [ed.]) 1992 Taj us-Salatin. KL: DBP.Gullick, J. M. 1958 Indigenous Political Systems of Western Malaya. London: Athlone.063

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