MODERN ASIAN STUDIES REVIEW Vol.5 新たなアジア研究に向けて5号
83/112

Inter-Asia Research Networksresult of its connection with international trade routes, Dvaravati culture invaded into northeast Thailand where a lot of moated villages were distributed, especially along the Upper Mun basin. Many Dvaravati-style potsherds, sema stones, stone pestles, and querns have been found in the villages. Dvaravati culture crossed the Mekong and entered Laos as well; Dvaravati-style sema stones were distributed along the east bank of the Mekong. I confirmed the sighting of many sema stones at Ban Na Nga north of Vientiane, and Ban Na Muang, Ban Si Khai, Ban Khan, and other villages in Savanakhet province.Dvaravati cities had three types of city plans. Type A was a city developed from a rural village; these were moated villages with free plans and were distributed in the northeast. Type B was an en-larged city developed from a local village, originally a rural village. These were supply centers of forest products on the trade routes between the ports on the coast and the northeast. As the trade became more active and the population grew, they had to expand their city areas. The expanded area was usually rectangular, influenced by Indian city planning. Type C was a port polity along the coast of the Gulf of Thailand. These were constructed as import-export bases for the international trade. Their city plans were also roughly rectangular, influenced by Indian city planning. BibliographyBellina, Bérénice, and Ian Glover 2004, The Archaeology of Early Contact with India and the Mediterranean World, from the Fourth Century B.C. to the Fourth Century A.D., in I. Glover ed., Southeast Asia—From Prehistory to History, pp. 68–88, London: Routledge Curzon.Bellina-Pryce, Bérénice, and Praon Silapanth 2006, Weaving Cultural Identities on Trans-Asiatic Networks: Upper Thai-Malay Peninshular̶An Early Socio-political Landscape, BEFEO, vol. 93, pp. 257–295.Boeles, J. J. 1964, The King of Dvaravati and His Regalia, Journal of the Siam Society, vol. 52, pt. 1, pp. 100–103.Boisselier, J. 1972, Travaux de la Mission Archéologique Française en Thailande, Arts Asiatiques, vol. 25, pp. 27–90.Coedès, G. 1968, The Indianized States of Southeast Asia, Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.Department of Fine Arts Thailand (FAD) ed. 1993, Report of the Excavation of Muang Don Rakhon, Nakhon Nayok, Nak-hon Nayok Province, Bangkok: FAD. (In Thai)̶ ed. 1996, Kubua—Relations of Dvaravati Societies around Kubua, Bangkok: FAD. (In Thai)̶ ed. 1999, Sri Thep Historical Park, Bangkok: FAD. (In Thai)̶ ed. 1999, National Museum of Pra Phatom Chedi, Bangkok: FAD. (In Thai)̶ ed. 2007, National Museum of U-Thong, Bangkok: FAD. (In Thai)Dupont, P. 2006, The Archaeology of the Mons of DvΣravat∏, translated with updates, additional figures and plans by Joyanto K. Sen, Bangkok: White Lotus. (1959, L’Archéologie Mône de DvΣravat∏, Paris.)Fukami, Sumio 2009, Quaundinya and Suwu̶Rethinking on the State Formation of Funan, Journal of International Cul-ture, no. 39, pp. 7–18. (In Japanese)Glover, Ian C. 1996, The Archaeological Evidence for Early Trade between India and Southeast Asia, in J. Reade ed., The In-dian Ocean in Antiquity, pp. 365–400, London and New York: Kegan Paul International.Higham, C., A. Kijingam, and S. Talbot eds. 2007, The Origins of the Civilization of Angkor. Vol. II, The Excavation of Noen U-Loke and Non Muang Kao, Bangkok: The Thai Fine Arts Department.Higham, C., and R. Thosarat 2012, Early Thailand—From Early Prehisory to Sukhothai, Bangkok: River Books.Iizuka, Yoshiyuki 2010, Ditribution of Nephrite from Taiwan and the Prehistory of Southeast Asia, in Kikuchi S. and Abe Y. eds., Maritime Route and Archaeology—From the Indochina Peninsula to Japan, pp. 51–56, Tokyo: Koshishoin. (In Japanese)Indrawooth, Pasook 1999, DvΣravati—A Critical Study Based on Archaeological Evidence, Bangkok.̶ 2004, The Archaeology of Early Buddhist Kingdoms of Thailand, in I. Glover ed., Southeast Asia—From Prehistory to History, pp. 120–148, London: Routledge Curzon.Indrawooth, Pasook, S. Krabuansang, and P. Nagwek 1993, A Study on the Ancient Civilization in the Old Lumphun 079

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